What do we mean when we speak of pseudoscience? The development of a demarcation criterion based on the analysis of twenty-one previous attempts

Angelo Fasce
Universidad de Valencia, España | angelofasce@hotmail.com

Recibido: 6-Octubre-2017 | Aceptado: 20-Diciembre-2017 | Publicado: 22-Diciembre-2017
Texto Completo | Nota de Copyright | Índice Vol. 6 No. 7

Cómo citar este artículo:
Fasce, Angelo. «What do we mean when we speak of pseudoscience? The development of a demarcation criterion based on the analysis of twenty-one previous attempts». Disputatio. Philosophical Research Bulletin 6, nº 7 (2017): pp. 459-488.

Abstract | A critical analysis of twenty-one demarcation criteria is carried out, obtaining as a result a demarcating tool that allows appropriate screening between science and pseudoscience. After an introduction that will emphasize the scientific and social relevance of the demarcation problem and the need of an adequate approach to face it, the specific problems of multicriterial attempts will be remarked, such as their lack of theoretical foundations and the presence of dispensable and contradictory items. On the basis of this first analysis, a metacriterion, the necessary general requirements for a demarcation criterion, will be established. The data analysis will show a lack of progress among demarcation criteria from 1964 to date, and will provide a demarcation criterion partially based on the items with greater support.
Keywords |
 Pseudoscience · Demarcation criterion · Multicriteria.

¿Qué queremos decir cuando hablamos de pseudociencia? El desarrollo de un criterio de demarcación basado en el análisis de veintiún intentos anteriores

Resumen | Se lleva a cabo el análisis crítico de veintiún criterios de demarcación, obteniéndose como resultado una herramienta que permite un cribado adecuado entre ciencia y pseudociencia. Luego de una introducción que enfatiza la relevancia científica y social del problema de la demarcación y la necesidad de un enfoque adecuado para hacerle frente, son remarcados los problemas específicos de los intentos demarcativos de tipo multicriterio, como la falta de fundamentos teóricos y la presencia de ítems prescindibles y/o contradictorios. Sobre la base de este primer análisis, es desarrollado un metacriterio: los requisitos filosóficos necesarios para un criterio de demarcación. El análisis de datos indica falta de progreso entre los criterios de demarcación propuestos desde 1964 hasta la fecha, y permite el desarrollo de un criterio basado en los ítems con mayor apoyo, capaz de satisfacer las exigencias del metacriterio planteado.
Palabras Clave | Pseudociencia · Criterio de demarcación · Multicriterios.


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Información Adicional
Disputatio [Diciembre 2017], Volumen 6, Número 7, pp. 459-488
Artículo | [esp] | Estadísticas | BIBLID [2254-0601(2017)6:7; pp.459-488]
URI: http://gredos.usal.es/jspui/handle/
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1433737

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